Honor is determined by courage and physical abilities more so than status and riches. Unwittingly, however, Hektor the Trojans' best warrior acts as an agent to bring back Achilles the Achaians' best warrior into battle, because after Hektor kills Patroklos, Achilles believes that he has no choice except to revenge Patroklos by killing Hektor.
He could not endure insults, and he felt that he had to protect his reputation — even unto death. This implies that the fate of a hero is to be already dead when he takes the battle field. His entry back into battle was with great determination and strength, as depicted in the painting Achilles Slays Hectorby Peter.
Fate is born with you the day you are born. Hector, arguably the greatest Trojan warrior or even the bravest of the Homeric heroes is very fierce and fights for what he believes is his destiny.
Heroes would feel worthless and cowardly without this esteem. He says, "It is the god who accomplishes all things" and he claims that "Delusion" entangled him. Of course, though, it isn't. Hektor fails to maintain a heroic balance when he overestimates his powers and refuses to retreat when necessary.
The stakes heroes fight for are high and failure to win often results in death. The hero did not distinguish between personal morals and conformity to the morals of the greater society; he concerned himself wholly with acceptance by the people, for if he failed to conform in any way, he risked the anger of his community and, consequently, shame.
Furthermore, he had to show respect for and respond to social situations and mores; he had to respect his superiors and show loyalty to his friends, and he could in no way disgrace himself, his family, or his community.
Agamemnon breaks the bond of hero and community by insulting Achilles and claiming Briseis in lieu of Chryseis. His position as a hero depended upon understanding his place in society and performing in accordance with society's expectations.
It is socially necessary to protect Paris, but it is also morally and socially correct to rebuke him. The highest degree of honor is won on the battlefield. Hector speaks not of his desire to have his son be noble or intelligent, but to have him grow brave and glorious. The hero's social responsibility was essential to maintain his status, but the only way to establish his status was through his performance as a hero in combat on the battlefield.
The Homeric Hero, by Seth Benardete. His fear of unfavorable perception forces him to ignore the pleas of his wife and risk his life for the sake of honor. When Paris visits Menelaus in Sparta, Paris breaks the heroic code or hospitality code.
Hektor's second error is his refusal to withdraw his troops back to the city, as Poulydamas advises. The hero did not distinguish between personal morals and conformity to the morals of the greater society; he concerned himself wholly with acceptance by the people, for if he failed to conform in any way, he risked the anger of his community and, consequently, shame.In the Iliad, the characters are to follow a heroic code.
This code is a system of honor. The heroic code includes a goal. The goal of Homeric heroes is to achieve honor. Honor is essential if one. nents of the Iliad, the epithets and simi-les, work together meaningfully to inform the larger heroic themes of the epic.
The second section examines Homer’s view of the tragic hero through an analysis of the plot. The analytic skill exhibited in both sections is fascinating: some parts of the study are brilliant, others strained, but none are boring. They are portrayed as superhuman beings, possessing strength, physical beauty, and intelligence.
These heroes aspired to live by a heroic code that would ensure immortality by keeping their memory alive in the people. Homer's The Iliad shows how the heroic code was ingrained in ancient Greek warriors.
Discuss the heroic code and the values of war in the Iliad with respect to Achilles and Hector. 1 educator answer How would you explain the relevance of the Iliad in modern-day life with regard to.
Derivation of Iliadic Self-Identity through Heroic Code. Achilles Slays Hector, Peter Paul Rubens, Above all, the code followed by Homeric Heroes is to achieve individual honor through fighting for a specific purpose.
The Iliad: Literary Analysis Throughout The Iliad, an epic poem written by Homer, there were numerous warriors and other characters that could be looked upon as heroes; some of these heroes included Achilles, Ajax, Diomedes, Hector, and Glaucus.Download